7 Pomeranian Behavior (Why Pomeranians Are the Worst Dogs)

Pomeranian Behavior

Understanding the Pomeranian behavior help the owners to get most of this small breed dog.

Pomeranians known as “Poms” are delightful little dogs known for their lively personalities and charming demeanor.

Despite being a toy breed, they possess a big personality that often surprises and endears them to their owners.

However, like all dogs, Pomeranians have their own unique set of behaviors and quirks that owners should understand to ensure a harmonious relationship with their furry companions.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the intricacies of Pomeranian behavior, exploring everything from their tendency to bark to their socialization needs and more.

Pomeranian Behavior

What is Behavior of Pomeranian

Commonly Pomeranian behaviors include being Sociable, Intelligent, Playful, Lively, Extroverted, Friendly, Active.

Despite their diminutive size, they possess a spirited and often fearless demeanor that belies their stature.

Understanding Pomeranian behavior is crucial for prospective owners and current enthusiasts alike, as it allows for a deeper bond and more fulfilling relationship with these furry companions.

Pomeranians are inherently social animals, often seeking attention and companionship from their human counterparts. They thrive on affection and enjoy being an integral part of the family unit.

Like any dog breed, Pomeranians exhibit a range of behavior characteristics that may require guidance and training to ensure they integrate seamlessly into their homes and communities.


Pomeranians are highly sociable dogs that crave human interaction and companionship. They love being involved in family activities and thrive when they receive ample attention from their owners.

Poms form strong attachments to their people and don’t do well when frequently left alone. Early and extensive socialization is important for Pomeranians to develop good manners around strangers and other dogs.

But when properly trained, they make excellent family companions. The Pomeranian temperament is outgoing, vivacious and people-oriented.


With proper motivation, Pomeranians are highly intelligent and trainable dogs. They catch on quickly to commands, tricks and agility courses that tap into their energetic nature.

Pomeranians rank as one of the smartest small breed dogs according to canine experts. Mental stimulation through interactive toys, learning games and training sessions is important to keep a Pom’s agile mind occupied.

Their alertness and working breed background gives them an advantage when it comes to mastering tasks. Treats and praise are effective motivators for these clever pups.


Pomeranians exhibit a distinctly playful nature. They delight in games and activities with their family – especially anything involving toys, fetching or running. A Pom’s lively personality shines through during playtime.

Short bursts of high-energy play multiple times per day will satisfy a Pomeranian’s intense activity needs. Monitoring during play is advised, as Pomeranians can sometimes get overexcited and start nipping.

Providing plenty of appropriate chew toys curbs this habit. But interactive playtime is a great way to bond with a Pom while burning off their exuberance.


There’s never a dull moment with a Pomeranian! The zestful, spirited attitude of this breed keeps owners on their toes. Pomeranians always seem eager for adventure and action.

Quick to bark at interesting sights and sounds, they remain highly engaged with their surroundings. A Pom’s animation and verve also comes through during play or training sessions.

While independent at times, they become shadows that want to follow their owners everywhere. Pomeranians embody what it means to be a lively companion. Their vibrant energy positively rubs off on those around them.


The Pomeranian is the quintessential extrovert of the canine world. Outgoing, bold and noticeably vocal in expression, Pomeranians thrive on being the center of attention in their human family.

They are not shy about making their needs or opinions known, often through barking. Pomeranians seek frequent interaction with their beloved owners.

Settling for a supporting role in the household is not their style; expect your Pom to steal the spotlight! With their plucky confidence balanced by affectionate loyalty, most owners don’t mind the minor dramas of living with these petite but dramatic extroverts.


While occasionally aloof with strangers, Pomeranians are highly friendly dogs once they know someone. Nothing makes a Pom happier than being surrounded by their favorite people, showing affection or participating in family activities.

Pomeranians stick closely by their owners’ sides, eager to include themselves in any undertaking. Their amiable disposition helps them get along well with children and other household pets too, given proper introduction.

The breed does have moments of independent-mindedness typical of spirited dogs. But the Pomeranian’s true joy is found in friendly companionship with beloved family. Their outgoing personality allows them to make friends almost anywhere.


Be prepared to keep up with the active Pomeranian! This energetic breed needs at least 30-60 minutes of vigorous exercise daily to thrive.

Short walks alone will not suffice. Pomeranians love to run, play fetch, or master agility courses that stimulate both their physical and mental capabilities.

Taking time to positively channel their high drive for activity prevents problem behaviors like barking and chewing. An active Pomeranian is a well-behaved and content one.

Whether going for long walks, playing interactive games, or learning new tricks, there are many fun ways to exercise your Pom each day. Their spirited zest for life keeps owners active too!

Common Pomeranian Behavior Problems

Pomeranian Behavior Problems

While Pomeranians make wonderful pets, they can exhibit some problematic behaviors without proper training and care.

Here are some of the most common behavioral issues seen in Pomeranians:

  • Excessive barking – As alert watchdogs, Pomeranians have a tendency to bark frequently at noises, sights, or movement. This can become a nuisance. Training “quiet” commands can help curb excessive vocalization.
  • Nipping/mouthing – Pomeranians may nip or mouth hands and ankles, especially when playing. This should be discouraged through redirection and praise for gentle mouth habits.
  • House training difficulties – With their small bladder size, Pomeranians can be challenging to fully house train. Consistency and positive reinforcement are key. Using crates and designated potty spots helps.
  • Separation anxiety – Pomeranians bond closely with owners and can become anxious when left alone. Crate training, distraction methods, and never punishing upon return can help ease separation stress.
  • Chasing small pets – Some Pomeranians will exhibit a high prey drive toward small animals like birds, squirrels, or cats. Proper socialization from a young age can reduce this chasing instinct.
  • Aggression with dogs/strangers – Improper socialization can lead to aggression behavior or overexcitement around unfamiliar people and dogs. Early positive exposure is essential.
  • Demand barking – Pomeranians may bark persistently to demand something like food, attention, or play. Ignore this behavior to avoid reinforcing it. Redirect to an alternative positive task.

With proper training, exercise, and outlets for their lively temperament, most negative Pomeranian behaviors can be improved or prevented entirely. Seeking guidance from an experienced trainer is recommended if behavioral issues emerge.

How to Improve Pomeranian Behavior

Improve Pomeranian Behavior

Use Positive Reinforcement Training

Pomeranians respond best to positive reinforcement techniques that use praise, treats, and rewards to shape good behavior. Training methods should always be firm but gentle. Harsh punishments will cause a Pom to shut down. Setting a Pom up for success is key.

Provide Plenty of Exercise

Pomeranians need 45-60 minutes of activity daily to prevent problem behaviors stemming from boredom or excess energy. A mix of walks, playtime, training sessions, and interactive toys will help meet their needs.

Implement a Consistent Schedule

Pomeranians thrive on routine. Establishing a regular schedule for feeding, potty breaks, training, sleep times, and one-on-one play prevents confusion and aids in housetraining.

Use Proper Socialization Techniques

Early and extensive exposure to new places, people, dogs, and stimuli reduces problematic fearfulness, aggression, or overexcitement issues. Always pair socialization with positive reinforcement.

Try Interactive Puzzles and Games

Pomeranians love mental stimulation. Rotating through puzzle toys, nosework, learning new tricks, and hide-and-seek exercises prevents boredom and destructive behaviors.

Correct Unwanted Behaviors Consistently

Be vigilant about correcting inappropriate behaviors like nipping, jumping, or barking demands right away to prevent bad habits from forming. Then redirect to an appropriate activity.

Enroll in Obedience Training

For significant behavioral problems, experienced professional training can provide guidance on effective management techniques. This teaches the owner as well as the Pomeranian.

With dedication and proactive preventative measures, most negative Pomeranian behaviors can be stopped before they start. Always use humane, reward-based approaches.

Why Pomeranians Are the Worst Dogs

Some potential downsides of Pomeranians that inexperienced owners should consider:

Pomeranians can be prone to aggressive or anxious behaviors without proper socialization and training. Their wariness around strangers or territorialness around other dogs needs to be managed starting as a puppy. They experience small dog syndrome and may try to dominate larger dogs.

Housetraining Pomeranians can be challenging. Their small bladder size means frequent potty breaks are needed. Some owners find constantly watching for signals and taking outside an hassle. Crate training is a must but still requires diligence.

Pomeranians are high energy and need a good 60+ minutes of activity daily. For owners looking for a true lapdog, a Pom’s exuberance could be annoying. They can become destructive when under-exercised and bored.

The thick Pomeranian coat requires daily grooming to prevent matting and shedding issues. Owners not prepared to commit to coat upkeep will quickly have an unkempt and tangled dog.

Poms are known for persistent yappiness and barking. As watchdogs, barking at every small stimulus is ingrained. This vocal nature frustrates owners wanting a quieter pet. Training is essential.

Disadvantages of Having a Pomeranian

  • Loud barking and demand behaviors without training
  • Wariness or aggression to other dogs or strangers
  • Challenging housebreakingneeds more frequent trips outside
  • High exercise needs – at least 45-60 minutes daily
  • Extensive grooming to prevent shedding and matting
  • Destructive chewing when bored or alone too long
  • Prone to separation anxiety if left alone for long periods
  • Willfulness – can be stubborn and difficult to train
  • Small dog syndrome – may try acting aggressive with larger dogs
  • Overall high maintenance compared to other small breeds

Are Pomeranians Good for First Time Owners?

Pomeranians can be tricky for novice owners. Their strong-willed nature makes them more difficult to train than other similar sized breeds. They need confident leadership and consistency to be manageable.

Grooming their thick double coat is demanding compared to smooth coated breeds. Be prepared for seasonal heavy shedding.

Small bladder size equates to more frequent trips outside for house training. Potty training takes patience and vigilance.

Early extensive socialization is imperative to prevent aggression or distrust of strangers. Ongoing socialization should continue through adulthood.

High energy means they need 45-60 minutes of activity daily or behavioral issues emerge. More than a casual walk is required.

On the upside, Pomeranians form close bonds and are very loyal given the right care. Consider an easier companion breed for first-time owners.

Why Pomeranians Are the Best Dogs

Reasons experienced owners love Pomeranians: Bright and attentive, Pomeranians are highly trainable dogs. Their intelligence enables them to excel at obedience, trick training, and other canine activities.

Pomeranians are extremely affectionate and thrive on being close to their owners. They are true companion dogs.

The breed’s small size makes them adaptable to any living situation – apartments, condos, or houses. Easily portable.

With proper introduction, Pomeranians generally get along well with children, other pets, and strangers. Socialization is key.

Pomeranians have an innate alertness that makes them excellent watchdogs. Their barking alerts owners to anything unusual.

The Pom’s lively, fox-like expression gives them buckets of personality. They are very entertaining and energetic dogs!

Introducing Your Pomeranian to Other Pets

Strategies for Successful Pomeranian-Pet Introductions

Introducing a Pomeranian to a new dog or cat requires planning and patience:

Start introductions in a neutral space like a park or during a walk, not in the home territory. This prevents territorial issues.

Always keep introductions calm and low-key. Correct any mean or aggressive reactions firmly.

Allow ample sniffing and investigation in the beginning. Don’t force immediate close interaction.

Praise and reward curious but polite interest for both animals. Treats are handy motivators.

Consider using pheromone sprays on bedding to reduce anxiety for both animals.

Ensure your Pomeranian gets plenty of individual attention during the transition period.

Be vigilant and don’t leave unsupervised until the animals establish a positive relationship.

Enlist a trainer if introductions go poorly. Forcing interactions can make things worse.

Gradual Exposure and Positive Reinforcement

Start by letting the animals be in proximity but unable to directly interact (e.g. behind a barrier).

Next allow on-leash introductions, separating before either pet gets overwhelmed.

Gradually increase supervised, calm facetime. Again separating before frustration builds.

Reward calm investigation and ignoring with treats and praise.

Finally, permit brief periods of unrestricted interaction, supervising closely for incidents.

Increase time together incrementally as positive relationship develops.

With preparation, patience and positive reinforcement, Pomeranians can successfully integrate into homes with other pets. Proper introduction techniques prevent future conflicts.

History of the Pomeranian Breed

The Pomeranian breed has a long and fascinating history. Originally much larger sled dogs from the Spitz family, Pomeranians are thought to have been purposefully bred down in size from larger working dog breeds from the Pomerania region between Germany and Poland.

The original bigger Pomeranian-type dogs were utilized as herding and guarding dogs in these Arctic areas before becoming popular as household pets.

With the breed’s introduction into England in the 18th and 19th centuries, concentrated breeding efforts dramatically reduced their size.

Queen Victoria became enamored with the smaller Pomeranians and adopted one named Marco in the late 19th century. This sparked a rise in the breed’s popularity among English noble families.

The American Kennel Club first officially recognized the Pomeranian breed in 1888. Since then, the breed has grown into one of the most beloved small dog breeds worldwide.

Physical Characteristics of the Pomeranian

Though Pomeranians where once much larger working dogs, today they are true toy breeds typically weighing 3-7 pounds as adults. They have compact, sturdy bodies with relatively short limbs and pointed, alert ears.

Their most identifiable feature is their abundant, fluffy double coat. Pom coats come in many colors like orange, black, brown, and combinations.

Their fur is remarkably thick and dense, forming a mane-like ruff of fur around the neck and chest. Pomeranians have curled plumed tails and fox-like facial expressions.

Their luxurious coat requires regular brushing and shedding maintenance. Pomeranians are moderate shedders but shed heavily during seasonal changes.

Daily brushing when shedding can help remove loose hair and minimize tangles. Owners must commit to the extensive grooming needs of this breed’s thick double coat.

Temperament and Personality

One of the biggest attractions of Pomeranians is their outgoing and lively personality. Despite their small size, Pomeranians have huge personalities and are known as “big dogs in little bodies”.

Here are some of the most typical Pomeranian personality traits:

  • Playful – Pomeranians are energetic, enthusiastic dogs that love to play. They enjoy interactive toys and games with their owners. Daily play sessions help satisfy their high activity needs.
  • Loyal – Once bonded with their family, Pomeranians become extremely devoted companions. They crave affection and closeness with their favorite people. Poms will eagerly follow their owners around the house.
  • Lively – With their spirited attitude, Pomeranians always seem eager for adventure and action. Quick bursts of activity multiple times a day keep a Pom satisfied.
  • Intelligent – Behind their cute looks, Pomeranians have sharp minds. They thrive at learning commands, tricks, and agility courses. Mental stimulation is a must for these bright dogs.
  • Inquisitive – True to their heritage as alert watchdogs, Pomeranians are very curious about their surroundings. It’s not unusual to find them intently observing an interesting sight or sound.
  • Bold – In spite of their small stature, Pomeranians exhibit a plucky confidence. They are not afraid to make their presence known, especially through vocalizations like barking.

Pomeranians are vivacious, devoted dogs of great intelligence and spirit. When their high activity and companionship needs are met, they flourish as lively family companions with magnetic little personalities.


What is the personality of a Pomeranian?

Pomeranians are known for having lively, outgoing personalities despite their small size. They tend to be energetic, inquisitive, and playful. Pomeranians are also very affectionate and form close bonds with their owners.

What is the common behavior of Pomeranian?

Common Pomeranian behaviors include being very alert and barking at noises, enjoying playing and being active, disliking being left alone, and sometimes being wary of strangers if not properly socialized. Poms are smart but can be stubborn about training.

Are Pomeranians good house dogs?

Yes, Pomeranians can make excellent house dogs. Their small size makes them well-suited for living in any size home. They are loving companions who enjoy being with their owners. Proper exercise and training is required to prevent problem behaviors.

Do Pomeranians get attached to one person?

Pomeranians tend to become very attached to their primary caregiver or family. They bond closely and like to be with their favorite people as much as possible. Early socialization helps them adjust to new people. But most Poms are exceptionally loyal to their families.

About Hailey Pruett

Hailey “Lex” Pruett is a nonbinary writer at YIHY primarily covering reptiles and amphibians. They have over five years of professional content writing experience. Additionally, they grew up on a hobby farm and have volunteered at animal shelters to gain further experience in animal care.

A longtime resident of Knoxville, Tennessee, Hailey has owned and cared extensively for a wide variety of animals in their lifetime, including cats, dogs, lizards, turtles, frogs and toads, fish, chickens, ducks, horses, llamas, rabbits, goats, and more!

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