What Do Pomeranian Usually Die From (Its Common Health Issues)

What Do Pomeranian Usually Die From

In this article, we’ll take a look at some of the most common causes of what do pomeranian usually die from.

Pomeranians one of many toy breeds are a lively, friendly, and popular small dog breed. Here are some key facts about Pomeranians:

The Pomeranian breed originated in the Pomerania region of Germany and Poland. They descend from larger Spitz-type sled dogs.

Pomeranians are considered a toy poodle breed. They typically weigh 3-7 pounds and stand 5-12 inches tall.

They have a thick, fluffy double coat that comes in a wide variety of colors like orange, red, white, black, brown, and cream.

Though small breed dog, Pomeranians have vigorous personalities. They tend to be energetic, eager to please, and loyal to their owners. They often bond very closely with one person.

With good care, Pomeranians live an average of 12-16 years.

Pomeranians need about 30-60 minutes of activity and play time per day. They enjoy brisk walks, games of fetch, and learning tricks.

They make good companions for individuals, seniors, couples, and families with older children. They adapt well to various living situations.

Potential health issues include dental problems, knee luxation, and collapsing trachea. They may bark frequently and can be aloof with strangers.

Pomeranians were made popular by Queen Victoria of England, who was an avid enthusiast of the breed.

Pomeranian puppies are affectionate little dogs with big personalities perfect for those looking for a devoted and lively small companion. With proper care, they make wonderful lifelong pets.

There are some common health issues that Pomeranians are prone to, and being aware of these can help Pomeranian dog owners identify any potential problems early and provide the best care for their furry friends.

What Do Pomeranian Usually Die From?

Pomeranian Death Causes

According to Vet experts, the Pomeranian usually dies from cancer, old age, and trauma among many other things.

Old Age

The most leading cause of death in Pomeranians is simply old age. If they are generally healthy throughout life, they can live 12-16 years on average. Gradual organ failure is eventually expected. Making their senior years comfortable with regular vet care helps.

Tracheal Collapse

Remember this airway issue we discussed earlier? Severe cases that prohibit breathing can be fatal if not treated in time. Surgery to stabilize the trachea may be life-saving.

Congestive Heart Failure

Advanced heart disease will eventually lead to congestive heart failure, where the heart cannot pump adequately. Fluid builds up in the lungs or abdomen. Medications can help manage it for a while, but it is often terminal.


Cancer is a common cause of death in senior Pomeranians. Tumors in the mouth, skin, organs or elsewhere can spread. Options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and medications to slow progression.


Carrying excess weight stresses organs and can lead to serious secondary conditions like diabetes, arthritis, heart disease and breathing issues. Keeping Pomeranians trim and fit greatly supports their health.

Dental Disease

Untreated dental infections that spread to the blood, heart, liver or other areas can be fatal. Dental care is extremely important. Tooth extractions or antibiotics may be needed for severe cases.


Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus can be life-threatening for Pomeranians. Signs include increased thirst/urination, increased appetite, and weight loss. Insulin injections, balanced diet, and glucose monitoring helps manage it.

Kidney Failure

Chronic kidney disease is common in older Poms. Toxins build up as the kidneys fail. Lack of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and lethargy can result. IV fluids, diet changes, and medications can help support kidney function.

Airway Obstruction

Blockages of the airways from things like food, grass seeds, sticks, or enlarged tissue can make breathing difficult or impossible if not resolved quickly.

Common Health Issues in Pomeranian Toy Breeds

Common Health Issues in Pomeranian Toy Breeds

Tracheal Collapse

One of the most prevalent health problems in Pomeranian dog’s health is a condition called tracheal collapse. This occurs when the tracheal cartilage that helps keep the airway open becomes weak, causing the trachea to flatten and collapse. This makes it difficult for air to pass in and out normally. Signs of tracheal collapse include a honking cough, wheezing, choking, or gagging. It tends to worsen with excitement, exercise, or hot weather. Mild cases can often be managed with medication and lifestyle changes, while more severe cases may require surgery.

Dental Disease

Pomeranians are prone to dental problems due to their small mouths and overcrowded teeth. Tartar can build up quickly, and bacteria under the gumline can cause painful infections and tooth loss. Signs of dental disease include bad breath, drooling, loose teeth, discolored teeth, reduced appetite, and facial swelling. Daily tooth brushing, dental cleanings, and sometimes tooth extractions help manage dental health.

Heart Disease

Some Pomeranians may develop heart conditions including mitral valve disease or patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Symptoms can include coughing, exercise intolerance, fainting, and fluid retention. Veterinary exams, x-rays, and medications can help manage heart disease. But in severe cases, surgical procedures may be recommended.

Collapsing Trachea

A common respiratory issue, collapsing trachea causes the windpipe to stiffen and flatten. Signs include a goose-honk cough, gagging, wheezing, and exercise intolerance. Mild cases can be managed with rest and medication, while severe cases may need surgery.

Luxating Patella

Loose knee caps, called patellar luxation, is another common orthopedic problem in Pomeranians. Their rear knees can slip out of place, causing lameness and pain. Mild cases may just need rest and anti-inflammatory drugs, while severe cases may require surgical repair.


This condition refers to low blood sugar and can typically affect Pomeranians that go too long between meals, especially young puppies. Signs include lethargy, seizures, and loss of consciousness. It’s a medical emergency but can be managed by feeding multiple small meals a day.


Hair loss and balding is seen in Pomeranians, especially around the trunk. It’s thought to be caused by hormonal imbalances. Supplements, medication, or surgical implants may help regrow hair in some cases.

Signs of Pomeranian Dying Small Breed Dogs

Signs of Pomeranian Dying Small Breed Dogs

Recognizing when a Pomeranian dogs nearing the end of life can be difficult, but looking for certain signs can help owners prepare. A dying Pomeranian may demonstrate a drastic decrease in energy and movement.

They are likely to sleep much more than usual and have little interest in food, daily exercise or play. Severe weight loss despite normal eating habits is common as their body begins shutting down.

Pomeranians approaching death often pant heavily, experience labored breathing, and develop a chronic cough as their lungs weaken. Heart conditions may manifest with fainting spells, swelling, and breathing troubles. Incontinence and loss of bowel control emerges as the muscles relax. Skin and coat condition declines, with matted fur and sores developing.

What Is the Average Pomeranian Lifespan?

Pomeranian Lifespan

American Kennel clubs report Pomeranians have a life span of 12 to 16 years. This is the typical life expectancy of the dog of this size, as are most small dogs such as Maltese or toy dogs. Please be aware that small, toys and dogs usually live much longer than larger dogs. Of course, several factors could affect Pomeranian lives. These breeds, just like most dogs, have health issues that prospective owners must know.

The Pomeranians – the smallest dogs – live 1.5 times shorter than the big dogs. The females of the dog can last 1.2 year more than the males. Like humans, genes influence dogs life expectancy. When your pomeranians get an illness they will likely be affected during their lifetime. All breed dogs have to pass a rigorous medical examination for this reason. Patellar lutus, the collapse of the trachea are some common diseases among Pomeranians. When carefully selected patients undergo comprehensive screening, the risks of the condition are reduced.

Providing the Best Care for Your Pomeranian Dog

The key to keeping your Pomeranian healthy and avoiding premature death is prevention and early detection of any problems. Here are some tips:

  • Get them checked annually by your vet and up to date on all preventative care like vaccines, heartworm testing, and dental issues.
  • Monitor eating and drinking habits, activity levels, bathroom habits, breathing, and behavior daily. Notify your vet of any changes.
  • Keep them at a healthy weight with measured meals and regular exercise.
  • Brush their teeth and provide chew toys to maintain good dental health.
  • Avoid exposing them to excess heat, humidity, smoke, dust, and other irritants.
  • Learn to recognize signs of common Pomeranian illnesses so you can get veterinary help right away.
  • Pet-proof your home and supervise outside time to prevent injuries and accidents.
  • Provide a nutritious diet and fresh water. Consider supplements if recommended by your vet.
  • Stimulate their mind and body with regular play, training, and socialization.

While some illnesses or accidents can happen unpredictably, diligent care and veterinary partnership will help stack the odds in your Pomeranian’s favor for a long, fulfilling life as your cherished family companion. With extra love and attention to their unique needs, your Pom can thrive for many happy, healthy years by your side.

Why Do Pomeranians Die From Heart Faliure

Pomeranians can develop various heart conditions including mitral valve disease, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), and dilated cardiomyopathy. These conditions cause the heart to weaken and eventually go into congestive heart failure, where it cannot pump blood effectively. Fluid can back up in the lungs and abdomen. While medications can help manage heart disease, it ultimately shortens life expectancy and is a common reason for premature death in Pomeranian’s.

Why Do Pomeranians Die From Gastrointestinal Issues

Pomeranians are prone to a number of GI conditions including inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal parasites, bacterial infections, and gastrointestinal obstruction from things like foreign objects, grass seeds, bone fragments, or even hairballs. If untreated, these issues can lead to dangerous complications like dehydration, sepsis, or intestinal rupture, which can be fatal.

Why Do Pomeranians Die From Infections

Despite their thick coats, Pomeranians are small in size and vulnerable to various infections. Bacterial and viral infections like kennel cough or parvovirus can rapidly overwhelm their young or old immune systems leading to sepsis or organ failure. Dental infections are also common and can spread to other areas of the body

How Old Was The Longest Lived Pomeranian

According to records, the oldest known Pomeranian was a dog named Chico who lived to be 21 years and 284 days old. While most Pomeranians live to be 12-16 years old, a few exceptionally healthy dogs with diligent owners providing high-quality veterinary and home care have attained lifespans into their late teens and even early 20s.

Important Questions

What is the leading cause of death in Pomeranians?

The leading cause of death in Pomeranians is cancer and old age. With proper care and barring any accidents or illnesses, Pomeranians can live 12-16 years on average. Gradual organ failure due to old age is the most common reason Pomeranians pass away if they have been generally healthy throughout life.

What age do most Pomeranians die?

Most Pomeranian dog die at 12-16 years of age. The average life span for a Pomeranian is 12-16 years. Some may unfortunately pass away earlier due to illness or trauma, while some can live longer with very diligent care into their late teens or even early 20s. But the most common age range for Pomeranians to pass away from old age is 12-16 years.

What illnesses are Pomeranians prone to?

Pomeranians are prone to health issues like collapsed trachea, dental disease, heart disease, collapsing trachea, luxating patella, and hypoglycemia. These are some of the most common health problems seen in Pomeranians either congenitally or acquired later in life. Being aware of these conditions allows owners to monitor for signs and seek veterinary care early.

What is poisonous to Pomeranians?

Many human foods and other substances are poisonous to Pomeranians if ingested. These include chocolate, grapes/raisins, xylitol, onions, garlic, macadamia nuts, avocados, alcohol, yeast dough, moldy/spoiled foods, coffee, tea, raw meat, corn on the cob, bones, salt, and fatty foods. Be vigilant about keeping people food and toxins away from your Pomeranian. Also be careful with medications, plants, chewing gum, mothballs, and cleaning products. Seek emergency vet treatment if poisoning is suspected.

Final Words

Pomeranians are small breed dogs that make wonderful companions. While they are prone to certain health conditions, excellent preventative and palliative care allows most Poms to live a full lifespan of 12-16 years or more.

Being a diligent pet owner by providing vet care, proper nutrition, exercise, training, and attentive supervision gives your Pomeranian the best chance at longevity and happiness as your cherished family pet. Monitor their health daily, educate yourself on risks, and partner closely with your veterinarian for the care your Pomeranian deserves to live their very best life.

About Hailey Pruett

Hailey “Lex” Pruett is a nonbinary writer at YIHY primarily covering reptiles and amphibians. They have over five years of professional content writing experience. Additionally, they grew up on a hobby farm and have volunteered at animal shelters to gain further experience in animal care.

A longtime resident of Knoxville, Tennessee, Hailey has owned and cared extensively for a wide variety of animals in their lifetime, including cats, dogs, lizards, turtles, frogs and toads, fish, chickens, ducks, horses, llamas, rabbits, goats, and more!

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